Nederlandse pagina
(Dutch page)

Environmentally Sustainable National Income (eSNI)

according to the definition by Roefie Hueting
Alongside of standard national income (NI) it is useful to have a figure for environmentally sustainable national income (eSNI). The relevant indicator is the distance to environmental sustainability eΔ = NI - eSNI. This site provides some information on eSNI. 
Foundation Foundation for research on Sustainable National Income (FSNI)
Members of the Board (PDF)
Introduction For more than fifty years Dr. Hueting (1929) has worked on a framework for the estimation of a sustainable national income (SNI) as an indicator of the production level that does not threaten living conditions for future generations. In 1969, he was asked to create the Department of Environmental Statistics at CBS Statistics Netherlands, with the explicit purpose to correct the figure of national income for damages to the environment. In 1974, he published New Scarcity and Economic Growth. More welfare through less production?, a seminal study about the greening of national income. In 1991 Jan Tinbergen and Roefie Hueting published a first rough estimate of Sustainable World Income in a paper for the 1992 Rio conference. In 1992, CBS Statistics Netherlands and WWF published his Methodology for the Calculation of SNI. In 1999, an International Symposium on his work was held at the KNAW Royal Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam. In 2001 the World Bank organised a seminar on the book Economic Growth and Valuation of the Environment: a Debate, which contains, among other things, an estimate of SNI for the Netherlands. Hueting presented papers on the SNI at seminars sponsored by the WB, OECD and WSSD where the delegates have strongly recommended that SNI estimates be developed for more countries. In texts before June 2007 the abbreviation "SNI" is used, but henceforth "eSNI" is to be preferred since the term "sustainability" has been collecting all kinds of other aspects that are irrelevant for ecological survival and that are not included in Hueting's definition. In 2018 CBS Statistics Netherlands included a preliminary estimate of eSNI 2015 as an element in its broad monitor for welfare.
Data Excel sheet with NI and eSNI and their distance, for the Netherlands 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, see IVM below
Book National Accounts and environmentally Sustainable National Income, Hueting and De Boer, May 27 2019, cover front and back  1 2
  2019-05-27-NA-and-eSNI.pdf    Available at EUR 27.50 for a hardcopy

    Available from University of Chicago Press - titles from Eburon

    Sheets presentation July 11 2019, as pptx or pdf English or Dutch

    Video book presentation and lecture July 11 2019 (Dutch), photo's
    (courtesy by CBS Statistics Netherlands)

    Book webpage
Thesis New Scarcity and Economic Growth. More welfare through less production?, 1974, English translation North-Holland 1980 (full PDF excl. tables). While the thesis develops the notion of environmental functions and shows that their valuation is not possible, Hueting later in 1986b and 1989b finds a valuation method by using sustainability. (See the Dutch original.)
Congress Table of contents of Van Ierland et al. (2001) (Hueting Congress 1999)
Envrironmental evaluation and Sustainable National Income according to Hueting, by Hueting and De Boer, 2001, chapter 2 in Van Ierland et al. (2001) (PDF). Advised reading as the key discussion at length with the actual calculation for The Netherlands
An Appreciation of Dr. Roefie Hueting’s Ecological Work, by Robert Goodland, chapter 12 in Van Ierland et al. (2001) (PDF).
Rejoinders to symposium authors, by Roefie Hueting, chapter 13 in Van Ierland et al. (2001) (PDF). This is highly advised reading since it clarifies the many misunderstandings that frequently arise.
Monitor BW See here on the page in Dutch.
Theory Selected List of English publications by Roefie Hueting (1969-2013). See also the page at RePEc that mentions only a few journals.
Environmentally Sustainable National Income: Indispensable Information for Attaining Environmental Sustainability, Environmental Values, Volume 22, Number 1, February 2013 , pp. 81-100 (20), Ingenta
Introduction to the theory of eSNI, a macro indicator for sustainable development
Paper for the OECD Global Project - Measuring the Progress of Societies
Conference, June 27-30 2007, Istanbul, Turkey. See also this text of the presentation.
The Theoretical Basis for Estimating SNI
Speech for the World Bank Seminar, October 1, 2001
Report of the World Bank Seminar, October 1, 2001, by J. Hecht. Cover and photograph
Why environmental sustainability can most probably not be attained with growing production (2008, rev 2009) (PDF), To appear in the Journal of Cleaner Production, paper prepared for the conference: “Economic de-growth for ecological sustainability and social equity”, Paris, 18-19 April 2008, sponsored by the European Society for Ecological Economics (with the presentation)
GNP and Market Prices: Wrong Signals for Sustainable Economic Success that Mask Environmental Destruction, by Jan Tinbergen and Roefie Hueting, In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. El Serafy and B. von Droste zu Hulshoff (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland, Ch 4: 51-57. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, 1991. Also published in: R. Goodland et al. (eds.), Population, Technology and Lifestyle: The Transition to Sustainability, Ch. 4: 52-62. Island Press, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and UNESCO, Washington, D.C., 1992. Also published in: Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. R. Goodland et al. (eds.), Environment Working Paper 46, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.
  Note for professor Elim Salim, in cooperation with Nizam A. Yunus, Jakarta, March 22 1986, also presented at the 5th UNEP / World Bank workshop, Paris, November 20-21 1986. First use of the vertical demand curve
The concept of environmental function and its valuation, by Roefie Hueting, Lucas Reijnders, Bart de Boer, Jan Lambooy, Huib Jansen (1998), original, published in Ecological Economics 25 (1), 31-5. Correction on the Nature article by Costanza et al., with some reading notes, August 2007
Sustainability is an objective concept, by Roefie Hueting, Lucas Reijnders (1998), original, published in Ecological Economics, 27(2), 139-47
The use of the discount rate in a cost-benefit analysis for different uses of a humid tropical forest area (1991), published in Ecological Economics 3, 43-57
Broad sustainability contra sustainability: the proper construction of sustainability indicators, by Roefie Hueting and Lucas Reijnders (2004), original, also published in Ecological Economics, 50 (3-4), 249-260 
Sustainable National Income and Multiple Indicators for Sustainable Development, Bart de Boer and Roefie Hueting, in OECD Measuring sustainble development, 2004 
Frequently Asked Questions on Hueting’s SNI concept, by Stauvermann 2007
How to correct wrong information about economic growth, DeGrowth conference, Barcelona 2010 (see the oral sessions
Why environmental sustainability can most probably not be attained with growing production, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 18, Issue April 6 2010, pages 525-530
Environmentally Sustainable National Income and Other Ways to Improve Information About Growth - Ekologicznie zrównowa?ony dochód narodowy  i inne sposoby metody poprawy jako?ci informacji na temat wzrostu gospodarczego, PROBLEMY EKOROZWOJU – Problems of sustainable development 2011, vol. 6, no 1, 31-46 
Our planet is threatened by a wrong belief in a wrongly formulated growth, Speech for the congress Jenseits des Wachstums, Berlin May 20-22 2011 and powerpoint presentation. 
The future of the Environmentally sustainable national income, Ökologisches Wirtschaften 4 2011, p 30-35
Five Ways to Combat Misleading Information about Economic Growth, Chapter 1,  pp. 1-29, in Richard L. Bertrand (ed) (2011), Theories and Effects of Economic Growth, Nova Publishers
Contribution to "Beyond GDP", October 19 2007. See also
Update in the European Union project "Beyond GDP", Environmentally Sustainable National Income (eSNI), 
asymmetric entries and other ways to improve information about economic growth. July 2012
Sustainable national income: information for attaining sustainability, Management Research Review, Vol. 34 Iss: 11, pp.1190 - 1201
Memo on eSNI 2010 and 2015, by Colignatus, June 15 2017
General The SNI, an indicator for environmenal sustainability (August 2006 PDF)
Three persistent myths in the environmental debate (October 1991 PDF), also published in Ecological Economics 1996, 18(2): 81-88, and Van Ierland et al. (2001:78-89)
The parable of the carpenter. Introduction for the workshop Valuation Methods for Green National Accounting: a Practical Guide, organized by The World Bank, U.N. Statistical Office and Ecological Economics, Washington, D.C., March 20-22, 1996 (PDF)
Speculating about the relationship between art and science (May 2007 PDF)
Roefie Hueting and Sustainable National Income, by Thomas Cool (2001), translation of ESB, August 24 2001, p652-653.
A Normative Justification of Roefie Hueting's Sustainable National Income, by Peter Stauvermann, draft 2005, published IJEES 2006
Sustainable National Income, A Prerequisite for Sustainability, chapter 3 in B. van der Zwaan and A. Petersen (eds), Sharing the Planet, Eburon Academic Publishers, Delft, 2003 (Pugwash book)
Innovative Statistics to Improve our Notion of Reality, by Henk van Tuinen
(Paper for the OECD Global Project - Measuring the Progress of Societies, Conference, June 27-30 2007, Istanbul, Turkey)
The Old Man and the SNI. A review of advance and adversity in Hueting’s research in sustainable national income (SNI), economic growth and the new scarcity from the environment, by Thomas Colignatus June 2008 / January 2009, MPRA 12690
  Letter to the Stiglitz Commission, by T.S. thanking B. de Boer, July 5 2009
Some comments w.r.t. Hueting's analysis, by Thomas Colignatus, January 31 2012, w.r.t. Hueting's article in Ökologisches Wirtschaften 4 2011, p 30-35
IVM Sustainable National Income 2005: Analysis for the Netherlands - Trend and decomposition analysis of a Sustainable National Income in 2005 according to Hueting's methodology, R.B. Dellink & M.W. Hofkes, 2008, report R-08-06 (pdf)
Sustainable National Income, by Onno Kuik, Institute for Environmental Studies (VU, Amsterdam), written for the Overview of Advanced Tools for Sustainability Assessment of the “Sustainability A-Test” project of the European Union, DG Research, see (6 April 2006)
Sustainable National Income: A Trend Analysis for the Netherlands for 1990-2000, by M.W. Hofkes, R. Gerlagh and V. Linderhof (2004), Institute for Environmental Studies, Report R-04/02, June 28 (pdf), Available at SSRN:
  Sustainable National Income: A Trend Analysis for the Netherlands for 1990 - 1995, Marjan Hofkes, Reyer Gerlagh, Wietze Lise and Harmen Verbruggen, R-02/02 March, 2002 (pdf)
  Final report on calculations of a sustainable national income according to Hueting's methodology, H. Verbruggen (ed) (2000), Report O-00/10, pp. 207 Amsterdam: Institute for Environmental Studies
Norms Background reports in Dutch for the derivation of envionmental standards, by Peter Bosch in 1995 on fossil fuels and by Bart de Boer in 2004 on climate, ozone layer, eutrophication and dispersion, and work report
Focus Highlights in research
United Nations Global 500 Award in 1994  In 1990, Jan Tinbergen took the initiative for a nomination to the UNEP Sasakawa prize, and eventually UNEP awarded Hueting with the Global 500 Award in 1994. See the recommendations that Tinbergen collected in 1990 from Robert Goodland, Herman Daly, Gerald O. Barney, Paul Ekins and Theo Potma, with also names of dignitaries who might be contacted for more information. Tinbergen did not include a recommendation himself because he fealt that these should be done by persons more actively involved in the research on environmental economics. Tinbergen expressed his agreement on content (without view on achievement) by the joint paper with Hueting in 1991 (referred to above).
ANP about Hueting, May 2007
Photo May 1 1974, Prince Bernhard (World Wildlife Fund) receives a copy of the thesis from the author. (Photo: National Archives, wikimedia commons)

Prince Bernhard receives a copy of the thesis
About This website is supported for Dr. Hueting. Contact rhig AT hetnet DOT nl